Lymphatic cancer or lymphoma is a cancer that attacks the lymphocytes. Lymphocytes are cells that that make a section of the immune structure. Lymphatic cancer patients are few, not even half of those with breast or lung cancer. However this number is growing at an alarming rate in today’s world. It is estimated that by 2025 it will be the third if not the second largest cancer.
There are two types of lymphatic cancer:
- non-Hodgkin lymphoma
- Hodgkin lymphoma
non-Hodgkin lymphoma is the most reported accounting for over 80% of the cases.
Symptoms of lymphatic cancer
The first sign is a swelling in the lymph nodes that is a pain free. Normally this swell will be in the neck or groin. The swelling is a result of a collection of damaged lymphocytes in the specific node. The cancer starts scattering out in the body, one starts experiencing symptoms like feeling fatigue and low immunity. Some people may have a feeling of wanting to scratch their skin on the entire body as well as feeling to alcohol. If the lymphoma goes to the abdomen one gets a bloating effect.
Causes of lymphatic cancer
Research on cancers of the modern world points to the following causes:
- Pollution: chemical solvents like toluene, turpentine, benzene, acetone and some alcohols are connected to cancer.
- Research has shown that people exposed to these chemicals are likely to develop cancer. The study also linked those who have cancer to the chemicals.
- Tricyclic Anti-depressants: persons who use trycyclic anti-depressants are said to be at a higher risk of developing non-Hodgkin lymphoma.
- Dark hair dyes: dark hair dyes have also been connected to lymphatic cancer.
- Formaldehyde: this compound has also been linked to prevalence of cancer.
- Pesticides: farm chemicals e.g. defoliation, herbicides and pesticides have connections with lymphoma. No wonder agricultural workers have higher risks of getting cancer. Communities that consume water from field run offs also are at a higher risk.
- EMF’s and Heavy metals are also suspected of leading to cancer.
Treatment of lymphatic cancer
Methods of lymphatic cancer treatment are numerous. The reason for this could be the fear that cancer and related diseases has been a common problem lately. Method of treatment of lymphatic cancer however depends on the type and level/stage of disease. Patients who are diagnosed earlier before it spreads respond more positively to treatment than patients who go for late diagnosis. This is the reason regular check up is recommended.
The following are the general treatment methods for lymphatic cancer.
Radiotherapy: used in restricted areas like neck, chest and upper abdomen. Used together with chemotherapy.
Common therapy options: includes the drug options of treating lymphatic cancer. Drugs like Bleomycin, Adriamycin, Vinblastine and Dacarbazine (abbreviated as ABVD) are also used to heal lymphatic cancer. The patient is given injections of the drugs repeatedly every fourteen days.
Other drugs that can be used in treatment of lymphatic cancer are CHOP AND R-CHOP abbreviations for Cyclophosphamide, Hydroxydoxorubicin, Oncovin and Prednisone.
However even after treatment lymphatic cancer patients can still develop severe side effects like tingling hands, feet, nausea and loss of hair.
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