Before i will talk about lymphatic cancer treatment, let’s define what Lymphatic cancer is. It is the abnormal growth of cells in the location of the lymph nodes. Lymph nodes are the junctions of the lymphatic system. This system acts like a closely linked highway beginning at from below the chin to the rest of the body. Its function is to transfer antibodies to parts of the body to fight off invaders. Lymphatic cancer starts as lumps within the lymph nodes e.g. under the armpits, on the neck etc. Once spotted, you should seek medical assistance for keen monitoring and treatment. If the growth is cancerous, the doctor will conduct some tests and eventually inform you of the various types of lymphatic cancer namely Hodgkins, Non-Hodgkins and many more. The prognosis for Hodgkins is good and it is curable as compared to Non-Hodgkins. Your histology, stage of cancer and the type play a huge role in determining your curability. The major lymphatic cancer treatment methods are surgery, chemotherapy, radiation etc.
Lymphatic Cancer Treatment Methods
Surgery entails the doctor getting a sample of the tissue within the cancerous cell mainly for diagnosis purposes. Radiation is applied directly to the cancerous area as its function is to decrease the tumors. It is mainly used in the early detection stages as it works well in localized areas. Chemotherapy on the other hand entails using substances that kill the cancerous cells in your body. It is an effective method of getting rid of lymphatic cancer. It is performed in duration of three to four weekly cycles. A high dose of chemotherapy greatly affects the bone marrow hence need to have stem cell transplants whereby after the chemotherapy, the stem cells are incorporated into the body. They assist in reconstructing the bone marrow tissue. For non-Hodgkins, immunotherapy has been introduced as a lymphatic cancer treatment that incorporates antibodies into the body to treat the cancer. The antibodies are known to link with antigen proteins within the cancerous cells and weakening them.
Lymphatic cancer treatment is based on the different stages of the spread of the cancer cells. In stage one; the cancerous cells are usually located in one part of the body. The sufficient treatment here is chemotherapy incorporated with radiation as the cancerous cells are contained in one place. In stage 2, the cancer has spread to another part but still on the same side of the diaphragm. When cancer is found to be in the abdomen and groin area on both sides of the diaphragm, it is known as stage 3. This stage is also referred to as the advanced stage. Beyond the advanced stage, chemotherapy administered as a full course is required. Stage 4 is where the cancerous cells have spread to the bone marrow.
Firstly, a biopsy is conducted to confirm if the growth or tumor is cancerous. Once confirmed, the next step is to determine the cancer stage by carrying out a CT scan. Tapping the bone marrow is crucial for the lymphatic cancer treatment to determine if it has been affected. The CT scans are continuously conducted throughout the treatment as well as afterwards to determine if the treatment is effective. If not effective, another mode of treatment will be incorporated and its effectiveness still monitored by the CT scan. A PET scan is also carried out after the treatment to confirm that the cancer cells are nowhere to be found.
Treatment through chemotherapy takes duration of about six to eight months. Another month is required for regaining health as this treatment weakens your body greatly. After the first week, your body tends to adjust with the treatment. Gearing to the end, you will not be of good health though the cancerous cells would have been eliminated.
But let your doctor chose what is the best lymphatic cancer treatment for you.